Thursday, February 9, 2023

What is Pneumonia: Pneumonia can be fatal, know its symptoms

Pneumonia is a type of lung infection in which the lungs become inflamed. Pus fills in the airbags of the lungs, which causes difficulty in breathing. Pneumonia is more common in children under two years of age. Elderly and people with weak immunity are more prone to it.

Pneumonia is a common disease of children, children less than two years of age are more prone to it, elders above 65 years are also victims of it. Diabetic or people who are suffering from any disease can also get pneumonia. This disease can happen to people of any age. Pneumonia is a viral infection, it can also be caused by flu infection. It takes time to recover from this disease. If treated on time, the patient can recover in one to two weeks. It takes time to heal as the infection progresses.

what is pneumonia
Pneumonia is a lung disease in which the air sacs of the lungs called alveoli get filled with fluid or pus, which makes it difficult for the patient to breathe. Healthy lungs are filled with oxygen during breathing whereas in pneumonia the patient’s lungs are filled with liquid due to which the patient has difficulty in breathing. If the treatment of pneumonia is not done at the right time, then the death of the patient can also happen. If the infection of pneumonia is not in the whole lung but in any one part, then it is called lobar pneumonia.

types of pneumonia
There are five types of pneumonia.
bacterial pneumonia
viral pneumonia
mycoplasma pneumoniae
fungal pneumonia
aspiration pneumonia

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symptoms of pneumonia
difficulty breathing
very tired
vomiting and nausea
wheezing and coughing in the chest
having a fever
coughing up mucus
sweating and chills

Why does pneumonia happen
Children younger than two years of age may develop pneumonia due to bacterial infection. Nutritional deficiencies and fungal infections can also cause pneumonia. Bacterial infection in the lungs of children causes the air pockets to swell and fill with pus, causing breathing problems and chest pain and tightness during breathing. Symptoms of cough and shortness of breath and wheezing are seen in young children.

pneumonia test
CT scan
A CT scan takes pictures of your lungs to examine them and diagnose pneumonia.

xray
With the help of X-ray, it is detected whether you have inflammation or pneumonia infection in your lungs.

pulse oximeter
Pneumonia is diagnosed by measuring the oxygen level in your blood with a pulse oximeter.

bronchoscopy
In bronchoscopy, the throat and lungs are examined with the help of a tube, through which pneumonia is detected.

treatment of pneumonia
Pneumonia is treated with antibiotics. If you do not get relief from antibiotics, then doctors give you anti-viral medicines. If you have fungal pneumonia, you are given anti-fungal medicines. To get rid of pneumonia completely, you have to take the full course of medicines.

precautions
Consumption of milk or milk products is not recommended in pneumonia. Stay away from people infected with pneumonia. Smoking can increase the chances of pneumonia, stay away from it. Cover your mouth while coughing and sneezing. Vaccination of small children must be done.

Disclaimer: The tips in this article are for general information only. Do not consider these tips and information as advice from any doctor or medical professional. In case of symptoms of any disease, do consult a doctor.

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