Thursday, February 9, 2023

Treatment of other diseases affected due to corona, experts expressed concern

There has also been a decrease in the treatment of other diseases like HIV and TB during the corona epidemic. Recently, WHO has released a report regarding the decline in HIV testing and TB reference.

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Anthony S. Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) in the US, said that COVID-19 In more than a century, emerging infectious diseases have come as one of the greatest warnings about our vulnerability to outbreaks. Others during the COVID-19 pandemic infectious diseases Amid concerns of a shift away from health care, experts have called for improving health care capabilities to respond to emerging threats.

Infectious disease specialist, Dr. Ishwar Gilada had earlier shared with News9 that COVID-19 was an additional problem among the already existing diseases. He said, “COVID-19 was not the only one but an additional problem. But for more than the last 2 years, our health service has been blindly looking only for the virus.”

This double disadvantage was recognized at the very beginning of the pandemic. And he said that steps should have been taken against it long back. He said, “The need of the hour is to reform the healthcare system for other diseases as well. There should be only planned testing for COVID-19. Doctors should only test people with symptoms.”

MMR vaccination declines globally

The latest study, published in BMJ Open by Queen Mary University of London, found that only 75 percent of children received their first dose of the MMR vaccine on time, compared to the 95 percent needed, to prevent outbreaks of highly contagious diseases such as measles. .

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that 95 percent of children receive both doses of their MMR vaccine to prevent measles outbreaks. There have been over 10,000 laboratory-confirmed cases of measles in India so far, and 40 children have died due to the disease. Maharashtra reported 3,075 cases and 13 deaths, followed by Jharkhand with 2,683 cases and 8 deaths.

Dr. Hemlata Arora, general practitioner and infectious disease specialist at Nanavati Hospital in Mumbai, said that vaccination is very important to prevent infection.

He explained, “The first step is to make sure children are vaccinated, and measles vaccination is recommended as part of the Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) vaccination series. The first MMR vaccine is given at around 9 months, followed by the second at around 16 months. Adolescents and adults should also be aware of their MMR vaccination.”

However, according to Dr. Arora, “The disease can spread from person to person, but it is not a serious condition, it is less serious than chicken pox. Measles stains are red, which first appear in the mouth, but it does not leave any scar like chicken pox.

“In very young children, especially those under the age of 5, it can go to the brain, but this is a very rare condition with an incidence of 1 in 100, and that is why young children are most susceptible to the disease. are.” He further said that, sometimes people of 25 or 30 years of age also show some strange reactions like meningitis or neurological problems. It usually occurs in people who have not been vaccinated against measles, so vaccination is extremely important.

HIV, TB prevention progress declines globally

Not only infectious diseases, but other diseases like HIV and TB have also taken a hit during the pandemic. Recently, WHO released a report regarding the decline in HIV testing and TB referrals. On this, Dr. Gilada said that the world organization has done “too little and too late” in this regard.

According to a WHO study, tests to diagnose HIV decreased by 41 percent, while TB referrals decreased by 59 percent. Is.

Now, that we have established that COVID-19, like the flu, is going to be with us for some time, it is important to take extra-swift steps to make up for lost time. Dr. Gilada said, “The time we have lost is gone, but better late than never. What we need now is greater awareness campaigns, increased surveillance, and proactive steps to improve conditions. Now there is a need to embed a system where more and more patients can be tested, and all of them can be treated on time.”

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