The estimated number of cancer cases and crude case rate in India for this year 2022 was 1461427 in which females were more than males. The number of females was 749251 while the number of males was 712176.
Sneha Kumari: Around the World cancer As concerns about dangerous disease are increasing. Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) According to the WHO, one in nine Indians is likely to develop cancer during their lifetime as the incidence of the disease is expected to increase by 12.8 per cent between 2020 and 2025. In fact, from 2015 to 2025, there has been an estimated increase of 27.7 percent in cases of all types of cancer. This has been reported by the ICMR-National Center for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR), Bengaluru, which oversees the National Cancer Registry.
Men are reported to be more likely to develop five types of cancer, including cancer of the lung (10.6 per cent), mouth (8.4 per cent), prostate (6.1 per cent), tongue (5.9 per cent) and stomach (4.8 per cent) . Whereas, in females, it includes breast (28.8 per cent), cervix (10.6 per cent), ovary (6.2 per cent), corpus uteri (3.7 per cent) and lung (3.7 per cent).
Cancer cases in men were 6,01,737 in the year 2015, which is estimated to increase to 7,63,575 by 2025. At the same time, the cases of women were 6,27,202 in 2015, which may increase to 8,06,218 in 2025. The highest number of cancer cases have been reported in the age group of 40-64 years. Lung cancer has been the highest in men above 40 years of age, while women of this age were mostly affected by breast cancer.
Cancer cases are increasing continuously
Dr Moushumi Suryavanshi, who looks after molecular diagnostics at the Rajiv Cancer Institute and Research Centre, told News9 that cancer is on the rise despite advances in medicine and surgical techniques due to several reasons.
Suryavanshi said, “Cancer can be caused by dietary factors, genetic, smoking, obesity and even environmental factors. When we talk about environmental pollution, it means that this disease can be caused by many reasons, one of them is air pollution. Research has been done on the effect of environmental pollution on cancer and we see a very clear connection between the two. We have seen that high amount of benzene enzyme present in the air causes lung or bladder cancer. Benzene is seen when the air quality is in the poor-to-worse category. Let us see what kind of chemicals are there in the cancer-causing pollution.”
Men and women mainly suffer from lung and breast cancer. Lymphoid leukemia (29.2 percent of boys and 24.2 percent of girls) is the most common cancer in young children (0-14 years). Compared to 2020, there is an estimated increase of 12.8 percent in cancer cases in 2025.
Cancer death rate increases due to bad air
Dr Hrishikesh Solanki, oncologist at Hinduja Hospital in Mumbai, said, “The poor AQI in metro cities has added to the problem. Cancer treatment has always presented a challenge, but bad air has increased a patient’s chance of death by more than 80 percent. It has also had an adverse effect on the number of new cancer cases. It is difficult to give a number of cancer cases at this stage, but I would say that there is about a 60 per cent chance of getting cancer due to bad air.”
However, cancer of the prostate (12.3 per cent) is the second leading cause of cancer in men over 65 years of age, after lung (13.1 per cent), while lymphoid leukemia (a cancer of the blood and nervous system of the brain) is the second leading cause of cancer in children aged 0 to 14 years. Bone marrow cancer) cancer is more. It is estimated that by the year 2025, there will be 81,219 cases of lung cancer in men, while there will be 2,32,832 cases of breast cancer in women.
Can help in planning the prevention of such cancer
The study, published in the latest issue of ICMR’s Indian Journal of Medical Research in November, noted, “Cancer continues to rise in India. The new estimate will help in planning for its prevention and control through early detection, risk reduction and management of cancer.”
The study said, “Cancer cases in India are expected to increase from 14.6 lakh in 2022 to 15.7 lakh in 2025.” It has been told in it that there has been an increase of five percent in the current estimate of cancer in India. Actually, there were 13,92,179 cancer cases in 2020, which increased to 14,61,427 in 2022 this year. Earlier, ICMR had predicted that 13.9 lakh new cancer cases would be reported in 2020.
The estimated number of cancer cases and crude case rate in India for this year 2022 was 1461427 in which females were more than males. The number of females was 749251 while the number of males was 712176. The estimated AAR for cancer cases in the country would be 107.0 per 100,000. The most cancers in females and males are in organs of the digestive system (2,88,054), breast (2,21,757), genitourinary system (2,18,319), oral cavity and pharynx (1,98,438) and respiratory system (1,43,062). Happens happens.
Between 0 and 74 years in women and men, the risk of developing cancer has been 1 in 9 people. The risk has been one in 67 for lung cancer in men and one in 29 for breast cancer in women.
Is cancer curable?
Dr Kritika Murugan, surgical oncologist, HCG Cancer Hospital, Bengaluru, said, “The good news is that more people are surviving cancer than ever before. Early treatment of cancer is important because it means that there is a better chance of getting a complete cure and treatment can be found. In addition, more than one-third of cancer cases are preventable. We should take steps to prevent cancer and move people to diagnostic tests faster. At the same time, it should be ensured that under the advancement of medical science, more patients can get accurate, highly personalized treatment.
He said, “The operative word is preliminary diagnosis. Experts say that delay of even a few days in the diagnosis of your cancer can be fatal. The other positive thing is that we have come close to 100% cure for some types of cancer like thyroid, ovarian and breast cancer. For cancers like testicular and thyroid, we can easily say that there is a 100% chance of recovery, but in case of other forms of cancer like pancreatic, the chances of survival are less. It is difficult to say by which research we will get closer to the cure. All we can say with certainty is that the treatments are getting worse through drugs, chemo and radiation.”
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