Air Pollution: ‘Poison dissolved’ in the air of Delhi-NCR, doctor said – apart from shortness of breath, there is also a risk of brain damage

Due to the ongoing air pollution in the national capital Delhi-NCR, the risk of many types of long-term health problems has increased significantly. Since October, the air quality (AQI) has remained in the ‘very poor’ category, breathing in such an environment that can be a serious pathogen. To control pollution, the government had banned non-essential construction works in Delhi recently, after which there has been some improvement but the AQI is still in the critical category. The AQI was 353 (very poor) on January 14, with a marginal improvement of 213 (poor) on January 15.

Health experts say, breathing in this type of atmosphere can increase the risks of a variety of long-term health problems in people. In the last few days, the number of respiratory patients in hospitals has also increased. Poor air quality not only causes serious respiratory diseases, but it also increases the risk of many other types of health problems in studies.

Respiratory patients are increasing in ICU

A recent report by experts from Fortis Memorial Research Institute suggests that due to cold weather and rising pollution levels, hospitals are also witnessing an increase in the number of respiratory patients. The condition of many of these patients is also very serious, in which they are in need of immediate medical attention or ICU. Prolonged exposure to polluted air has been shown to increase the risk of diseases related to the airways and lungs.

What do ENT specialists say?

Dr. Vijay Verma, Department of ENT, CK Birla Hospital, says, due to the ongoing rise in pollution levels in Delhi-NCR, there has been a jump of almost 30% in sinusitis, allergy, cough, infection and lung-related diseases. People are coming to hospitals with problems like runny nose, stuffy nose, sore throat, cough, loss of smell, fatigue, headache. The risk of many long-term health problems has also increased significantly due to such an environment. Due to harmful air particles, there is a decrease in the capacity of the lungs, which is worrisome.

Risk of neurological problems due to air pollution

Due to air pollution, not only breath, there can be a risk of developing many more serious diseases. Neuropathologist Lilian Calderón in Mexico studied the brains of dogs to find out its side effects. This was done on 40 dogs. Study found that neurodegeneration began as early as eight months of age in dogs living in polluted areas. In comparison, dogs living in rural areas were found to have healthier brains.

The researchers pointed out that pollution may increase the risk of neurological problems, which also needs attention. In severe cases, it can also lead to brain damage.

Avoidance of pollution is very important

Health experts say, apart from Delhi-NCR, the condition of many other metros is also similar. It is necessary for everyone to keep protecting from pollution. Efforts should be made to keep the air clean. Plant indoor plants so that it can be beneficial. Use an N95 mask to protect your nose and throat, drink plenty of water, and do breathing exercises.

People who already have breathing problems, they should keep taking the medicines prescribed by the doctor on time. Apart from this, take care of ventilation in the room to reduce indoor pollution.

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Note:
This article has been prepared on the basis of medical reports and suggestions from health experts.

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